| Unum cum virtute multorum |
Latin: "One with the strength of many"
Full version: click here
Japanese, Chinese, Arabic, Hindi, Russian
| Ten largest metropolitan agglomerations|
Greater Kirkenes Area — 27,199,546
|Prime Minister||Peter Coakson (Green Party)|
4,951,380 sq km
- Total (2007 census)
- as Kingdom of Guedia
- as Kelssek
|Government type||Federal republic with parliamentary democracy|
|Ursus maritimus |
- Total (USD)
- GDP/capita (USD)
| Time Zone
| UTC +6 to +8 hrs|
UTC +7 to +9hrs
|HDI (2012)||0.952 (high)|
|National anthem||The Maple Leaf Forever|
Kelssek is a large, developed country located in the East Pacific. A nation of soaring mountains, vast wilderness and great natural beauty, Kelssek defines itself as a multilingual, multicultural nation which has been historically been welcoming to new immigrants, with the result that from its rural towns to its massive urban conglomerations, it is one of the world's most diverse and cosmopolitan nations. The nation holds a reputation as progressive and socially liberal with a strong sporting culture. Kelssek is a leading tourist destination, drawing visitors to its cosmopolitan cities, cultural sites, wilderness areas, and world-class skiing and mountain resorts. It is also a centre of international culture and is a prolific producer of music, television, film and literature.
Kelssek is a centralised federation of 12 provinces and two territories, governed as a republic under a system of parliamentary democracy. Although the President of Kelssek has wide-ranging nominal powers as head of state, in practice the prime minister is the most powerful political office and the Parliament of Kelssek is the nation's chief governmental body. A common title for the country is "Socialist Commonwealth of Kelssek" (Communauté socialiste du Kelssek in French); although it is not the official name the phrase "socialist commonwealth" appears in the preamble of Kelssek's constitution.
In foreign affairs, Kelssek claims a proud history of diplomatic engagement in the World Assembly and the East Pacific region, is also a member of the International Fair Trade Agreement. It is also prominent in global sport, having previously hosted both the summer and winter Olympic Games, the association football World Cup, and the World Cup of Hockey and Rugby World Cup on multiple occasions.
- Main article: History of Kelssek
The earliest known political entity to which Kelssek's history can be traced is the Kingdom of Guedia, whose first monarch, King Kennith I, was crowned in 1522. The government of Guedia was based on feudalism, with a transition to an industrialised society having been more or less completed by 1850. The Kingdom was overthrown in a popular revolt of 1889 known as the Kelssek Revolution, leading to the formation of modern Kelssek, a process known as Confederation.
The republican revolution was led by a diverse coalition of socialist and anti-monarchist groups. A full transition to democracy in 1896 was completed with elections for the House of Commons. The premiership of Kieran Pearson (1952-1964), which saw organised economic development and the introduction of universal healthcare and education, is widely credited for its critical role in creating the Kelssek of the present day.
Kelssek today is relatively peaceful, notable for its high living standard, lack of drug laws and the high value it places on environmental protection and civil rights. The growth of right-wing extremism in the early 21st century culminated in the 2006 August Crisis, which saw the kidnap and murder of a Cabinet minister as well as a spate of bombings of symbols of socialism and the labour movement. Following a crackdown on the turmoil, however, the country has remained stable and peaceful and the democratic constitutional order is firmly entrenched.
Geography and climate
|The Kelssek Cordillera is the collective name for the mountain ranges which divide the country into "east" and "west"|
Kelssek's coastal situation moderates temperatures in the densely populated east, although it can be very cold in the mountainous interior and the country in general is known for its harsh winters. The capital Neorvins, on the coast, has a relatively mild climate, while Arlingsdale, at 1243 m elevation in the interior, has average winter temperatures of −14 °C. Wenerdere is well-known for producing wines and citrus fruits, and fertile grasslands also exist in the provinces of Konoha and Haligonia, which both experience a large amount of orographic rainfall. The Kelssek Cordillera, made up of several mountain ranges, runs through the centre of the country and is generally considered the dividing point between "eastern" and "western" Kelssek. West of the Etnierian Mountains, large areas of relatively flat prarie wilderness dominate with a large amount of grain farming and ranching being carried out in this region; this region experiences a continental climate.
Kelssek's tourism industry benefits from its abundance of natural beauty, which has historically been fiercely protected by environmental laws. Wenerdere in particular attracts visitors to Glacier National Park, Haligonia to Cape Breton, Kewatin to the Rocky Coast, and national forest reserves in many parts of the country exist. Most cities have urban density regulations to prevent sprawl.
|Neorvins (elev 11 m)|
|Av. temp (°C)||−5||−6||−1||6||9||14||18||18||16||10||6||−2|
|Vickery (elev 722 m)|
|Av. temp (°C)||−14||−11||−4||5||11||14||17||15||10||5||−4||−10|
|Ulyanov (elev 190 m)|
|Av. temp (°C)||−7||−9||−4||4||11||15||17||10||7||5||−2||−4|
|Burnaby (elev 27 m)|
|Av. temp (°C)||0||1||2||5||8||11||13||13||10||6||3||1|
- Main article: Economy of Kelssek
Kelssek has a developed economy heavily influenced by socialist ideology, characterised by a large public sector and widespread employee-ownership which has led to a high standard of living for its residents. Although these companies are technically considered private enterprises, profit-oriented "private enterprise" as would be recognised in most countries is mostly unknown in Kelssek; the closest equivalents would be small technology-based firms and owner-operated retail businesses. An extensive welfare state provides the population with free healthcare, free education to the undergraduate level, employment insurance, child care, and pensions, among many other things, although as a result the population pays relatively high rates of tax.
While there is a strong manufacturing sector, Kelssek's economy is reliant on its natural resources and primary industry. In recent years the tourism sector has also grown dramatically and the city of Kirkenes is a major financial and business centre. Kelssek is noted for its strong environmental laws and its strict enforcement of workplace and product safety laws. More economic freedom is permitted in most consumer goods industries, but all utility, energy, transport and primary industry companies are either nationalised or strictly regulated, many of the nation's largest companies are state-owned, and the government is generally expected by the populace to carefully manage the economy. Worker ownership grew immensely during Kieran Pearson's government but stagnated in the late 20th century, and more recently Alan Kerk's government encouraged such moves. Most unions are members of the Trades Union Congress and combined, organised labour controls about a third of the economy. There is also a relatively high rate of domestic savings and investment; the economy remains relatively closed off from global capital markets.
Kelssek's main industries are manufacturing, tourism, agriculture and natural resources. With its educated, skilled workforce Kelssek has built a large skill-based manufacturing sector, with a very large civillian aerospace industry. Microelectronics, motorcycles, automobiles and consumer electronics are the other main manufacturing products, while aluminium, iron ore, and uranium are major primary products. Meats, grains, dairy products and citrus fruits are the main agricultural products while Kelssekian beer, wines, and liquors are also important exports.
Kelssek enjoys a modern network of public transportation infrastructure. Cities have traditionally maintained well-funded mass transit networks, which are generally the primary means for commuting in most Kelssekian cities. Railway networks and airports provide connections between cities. Road highways are primarily a provincial responsibility, however road development has not generally been a priority of transportation policies, with rail being preferred for covering long distances. Many small remote communities, especially in the west and northwest, also rely entirely on air links for transport.
The Velocit high speed railway, which began operations in 2009, is the newest addition to Kelssek's transportation network, and is expected to be the largest public works project in the nation's history when the network is completed.
People and culture
|Kelssek is celebrated for its diverse and multicultural flavour.|
- See also: Culture of Kelssek
Kelssekians in general are socially liberal, community-minded and egalitarian, valuing education, artistic creation and sport. Lifestyles common in wealthy capitalist nations are generally considered profligate and distateful. Kelssekian society is mostly free of stratification, particularly economically, extremes of either wealth and poverty are virtually non-existent, although social class distinctions do persist somewhat. Furthermore, the individualism of liberal socio-political philosophy tends to be regarded quite negatively. Perhaps as a result of the nation's immigrant history, the culture also welcomes immigrants, who are welcomed as enhancing the nation's strength and multicultural diversity.
The majority of Kelssek residents are Caucasian and the second-largest ethnic group of East Asians makes up about 20%. A substantial number of people consider themselves of mixed ethnicity. Kelssek's immigration policy encourages immigrants to preserve their traditions and unique cultures, but to identify themselves with the nation as a whole and with Kelssek's national identity and values - the nature of which is a topic frequently featuring in public discussion, although generally the arts, belief in social justice, and social liberalism are regarded as the main components of it.
- Caucasian: 54%
- British Isles origin: 36%
- French origin: 12%
- other Caucasian: 7%
- Asian: 19%
- African: 8%
- Arab: 4%
- Mixed background: 14%
Sports play a very important role in Kelssekian culture and major sporting events are liable to paralyse the country. Hockey is Kelssek's unofficial national sport and enjoys almost universal popularity, while rugby is also popular throughout the nation, though to a lesser degree. Football (soccer), water polo, tennis, lacrosse, curling and wintersports in general are also very popular. There is also a very lively extreme sports scene, especially skateboarding, with Kelssek home of some of the world's most well-known skaters. Kelssekians take full advantage of the country's long winters and rugged mountains, making skiing and snowboarding popular activities, while wakeboarding is also popular in the coastal provinces.
The major professional sports leagues include the Kelssek Hockey League for ice hockey, the Rugby Superleague for rugby union, and the Kelssek Water Polo League. The Kelssek Football League for soccer is not as universally popular or well-established as the other three, but attracts reasonable crowds and is rising in standard. Professional national competition also exists for lacrosse, swimming, curling, alpine skiing, and motorcycle racing, among other sports.
Kelssek's rugby and hockey teams have both had some success at the international level, most notably a win in the 11th Rugby World Cup, and the nation has hosted the Fourth Winter Olympics, World Cup of Hockey, and the Rugby World Cup, as well as co-hosting World Cup 46. Kelssek is also strong in swimming and in winter sports. The Kelssekian Olympic Committee is responsible for Olympic participation and the success of their Olympians has been greeted with delight by Kelssekians.
Religion plays a very tiny role, if at all, in Kelssekian society, and a majority of Kelssekians consider themselves to have no religion. Under the constitution, Kelssek is a secular state. Religion is considered a private matter and public expressions of religion are unusual, to the point of being socially unacceptable. Christianity is the most common religion, followed by Buddhism and Islam.
Religions in Kelssek (2007 census data)
- Protestant - 17%
- United Church of Kelssek - 11%
- Anglican - 6%
- Roman Catholic - 10%
- Buddhist - 9%
- Muslim - 8%
- Hindu - 4%
- Jewish - 3%
- No religion - 52%
- Atheist - 29%
English and French are official languages, but the high level of immigration means a multiplicity of languages are spoken throughout the country. English, the most widely spoken language, is also the common language for communication between the different language groups in Kelssek. While conflict between the English and French language groups is much reduced compared to the situation in the past, cultural tensions do occasionally erupt. Besides English and French, significant immigrant populations speaking many different languages reside in Kelssek. Notable language groups include Japanese, Russian, Hindi, Arabic and Mandarin Chinese.
|The headquarters of the English-language operations of the Kelssek Broadcasting Corporation in Kirkenes. The publically-funded KBC is the dominant television and radio provider in Kelssek.|
Kelssek has a large, vibrant domestic media industry, and produces international-class literature, art, television and cinema. Its media is exported globally, but especially to its East Pacific regional neighbours and to many IFTA countries.
The publicly-funded Kelssek Broadcasting Corporation (KBC) is the dominant terrestrial television company. It operates autonomously from the government and exists alongside private broadcasters, the largest being Channel Twelve Corporation and KelWest. The United Kelssek Broadcasters Corporation (UKC) is a private company which broadcasts the National Sports Network and is also Kelssek's largest cable and satellite service provider, although a multiplicity of private providers compete in this market. Cable and satellite have very high penetration, with 94% and 73% of households subscribing, respectively.
Television has no official content regulation or censorship, besides the amount of commercial advertising allowed during a certain period of time, which is 16 minutes per hour. No commercial advertising is allowed during programs whose target audience is children under 13. The KBC is bound by regulations requiring it to have at least 60% locally-produced content in its daily programming but is otherwise free from content restrictions or censorship.
The KBC also operates a nationwide radio network and the KBC World Service, which is broadcast internationally on FM, AM, shortwave and satellite and makes its news bulletins available as a Podcast. Radio in Kelssek is, however, predominantly made up of small private, independent stations.
Kelssek has three large English daily national newspapers - the National Independent, the Chronicle and Herald, and the National Telegraph; and one French national daily - Le Courrier Kelssek . Other major papers include the Kirkenes Courier, which has the nation's largest English circulation, the Neorvins Herald, the Mazinaw Journal, L'Étoile (based in Outineau), which has the largest circulation when French and English editions are combined, the Etnier Free Press (based in Clayquot), and the Burnaby Post.
Prominent newsmagazines include The Red Flag, published by the Trades Union Congress, which focuses on labour and civil rights issues, and the more general current affairs publication Global. The monthly Popular Geography focuses on science, photojournalism, and the environment. University student publications are also widely read in their local communities and a wide multiplicity of independent and underground publications exist. The most well-known of these is the satirical "newspaper" The Beaver-Toque.
- 1 January - New Years' Day
- 2nd Monday in February - civic holiday (various names)
- Typically in March/April - Good Friday and Easter Monday
- 1 May - Labour Day
- 1st Monday in June - Festival of the Revolution
- 1 July - Federation Day
- 1st Monday in August - civic holiday
- 18 September - Constitution Day
- 2nd Monday in October - Autumn Festival
- 11 November - Remembrance Day
- 24-26 December - Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, Boxing Day (Boxing Day is a civic holiday)
- 7 January - Christmas (Lupinissia)
- 1 March - St. David's Day (Noua Cymru)
- 17 March - St. Patrick's Day (all except Noua Cymru, Lupinissa, Andonbar, Beaulac and Roites)
- 14 July - Bastille Day (Beaulac)
- 25 October - Revolution Day (Etnier)
- varies - Eid al-Adha, Eid al-Fitr (Lupinissia)
The August civic holiday is known as Simcoe Day in Noua Cymru, Colonel By Day in Saint-Remy, Heritage Day in Conroy, Konoha Day in Konoha, Natal Day in Haligonia, and Discovery Day in Kewatin, Wakatipu and Andonbar.
The February civic holiday is known as Family Day in Conroy.
|The House of Commons is the lower house of Kelssek's Parliament.|
Kelssek is a federation under a system of parliamentary democracy and responsible government. The head of state is the President and the head of the government is the Prime Minister of Kelssek. In practice, the Prime Minister wields executive power as the president's role is by convention mainly ceremonial.
- See also: Parliament of Kelssek
The Parliament of Kelssek (Parlement du Kelssek in French) is bicameral, with 655 members forming the lower House of Commons and 190 members, 10 for each province and the Neorvins Federal Territory, forming the upper Congress of the Federation. All money bills dealing with taxation and the budget must originate in the House. The Congress is able to veto legislation passed by the House and has the authority to investigate and hear legal cases involving government officials, but otherwise has no legislative power. In 2007, Kelssek switched from a first-past-the-post system to a proportional system of electing Members of Parliament. Members are elected from geographically-based ridings using preferential voting, combined with a mixed-member formula which "tops up" parties which win fewer ridings than their share of the party vote, to a maximum of 20 party list seats.
Elections for the House of Commons must be held at least once every four years and the Congress of the Federation every six years. The leader of the party which has the most seats in the House of Commons generally becomes the Prime Minister and is the head of government. He then selects his cabinet from members of his own party or an allied party who hold a seat in either house of Parliament.
- Main article: President of Kelssek
Elections for the President are held once every five years using a two-round runoff system, no person can serve more than two terms consecutively and Presidents are disqualified from becoming President again for three years after leaving office. It is thus possible to have served an unlimited number of terms if they are served non-consecutively, but in practice this has never been done.
The President is the head of state and the commander-in-chief of the military, and can veto any legislation passed by Parliament. The President is generally expected to defer to the will of Parliament and the government and exercise his or her powers at the behest of the Prime Minister; controversies over the use of presidential powers by President Drapeau in 2008 led to an attempt to remove him from office.
The current President is Dominique Drapeau, who was sworn in as President on October 1, 2006. Drapeau is the 15th President and succeeded Joseph Sutter, who had served for the full ten years before him.
The constitution of Kelssek gives provincial governments control over local health, education, and law enforcement issues, infrastructure, property, judiciary, and taxation, as well as "Generally all Matters of a merely local or private Nature in the Province."
Provincial legislature elections are held according to their provincial election laws, and the leader of the party with the most seats becomes that province's Premier, and holds a function similar to that of the Prime Minister, but at the provincial level. In addition, the President appoints a Lieutenant-Governor who is able to veto any legislation passed by the legislature, though in practice the use of the veto is rare since it is invariably controversial. There are several provincial-level political parties in each province, and while many are affiliates of the main national parties, there are a great number of major parties independent of a federal-level party.
The Supreme Court is the highest judicial body and has jurisdiction over any legal case within Kelssek's jurisdiction. The next highest is the Federal Court, then the Federal Court of Appeal. Each province also has its own judiciary system, and the systems extend from the provincial Supreme Court and Court of Appeal to municipal and county courts. Judges in both federal and provincial courts are appointed by the Prime Minister of Kelssek based on reccomendations from official judicial selection committees.
Kelssekians generally have a left-wing political culture and orientation, and vote in left-wing governments almost by default. The four major political parties are the Green Party, the Liberal Party, the Conservative Party and the United Communist Party. They are largely divided on the lines of economic ideology, with both the Liberal and Conservative parties supporting the existence of capitalism and a market-based economy, albeit to quite differing degrees; the UCP seeking to abolish private business as a long-term goal but supporting socialist policies in the short term, and the Greens on the fence, drifting between semi-capitalist social democracy and full socialism. The 2010 election saw a breakthrough by the Beaulac nationalist party Bloc Beaulacois and it is speculated that regionalism could become a major force in federal politics in the coming years.
Kelssek is a member of the International Fair Trade Agreement and the World Assembly, as well as the United Nations Old Guard. The nation is active in regional politics and has previously sent delegates to serve as members of the East Pacific Magisteral Assembly, as Provost of the Magisterium, and roles in the East Pacific regional judiciary.
|Main article: Kelssek|
|Topics: Culture, Economy, Education, History, Kelssekian beer, Time zones, Universities|
| Major cities: Kirkenes, Outineau, Burnaby, Neorvins, Mazinaw, Vickery, Saint-Remy, Clayquot,|
Breton, Ulyanov, Langlois, Latrobe, Colwyn
|Politics and government: President of Kelssek, Prime Minister of Kelssek, Parliament of Kelssek|
| Sports: Kelssek Hockey League, Rugby Superleague, Kelssek Water Polo League,|
Kelssek Football League, KRU Cup, Kelssekian Olympic Committee
| Other: Air Kelssek, Celestar, Kelssek Broadcasting Corporation, Kelssek dollar,|
National anthem, Trades Union Congress, Velocit
|Other articles within Category:Kelssek|