History of Toopoxia
Archeological evidence records a civilization of highly advanced farmers replacing a hunter gatherer society at around 10,000 BC, the evidence reveals an early form of the sickle and other stone tools, in this time the Volitaian Desert was a rich farming land. Due to overgrazing and poor farming technique this farming land slowly became desiccated and formed the Volitaian Desert in around 2500 BC, naturally the farming civilization moved to the banks of the Volitaia River to continue farming in what was now a far more arable land.
Many Scholars argue that the Nomadic period ended at around 6000 BC, evidence shows that people were constructing large permanent buildings and beginning to herd cattle. Before the Desert had formed, the south western corner of Volitaia had been a booming center of commerce and settlement which, as mentioned before, dissolved and migrated to the Volitaia river.
The Pre-Dynastic Volitaian societies served as independent tribal entities, each trading and occasionally warring amongst each other.
Early Dynasty Volitaia
Though its unknown how the Volitaian Dynasty came to power it has been confirmed that it was around the same time the Volitaian River villages merged into one power ruled in the city of Naibe [approx: 3100BC]
The Volitaian state expanded its rule down the banks of the River Volitaia to lake Luni in the South and what is modern Hydac in the North. The Empire flourished and spread its influence around the surrounding areas.
The unique geographical surroundings of Volitaia made it a position easy to defend. Bolstered by this knowledge several Emperors began aggressive expansion policies which mostly all failed, encouraging a more peaceful and settled approach. Commerce flooding in to the Empire gave encouragement to large monuments, to the power of the Empire and its rulers.
At the height of its power the Empire ruled over an estimated 26,000,000 people. Able to call upon any one of them with the introduction of a national census. The influence of Volitaia had civilized states swearing fealty to the Emperor who kept a harem of foreign princesses and an army of bastard sons.
Rebellion and the Fourth Dynasty
Following an extreme population explosion and an unfortunate series of droughts the population rebelled against the Emperor, aided by those Kingdoms shunned by the Empire. The third dynasty was ended in a campaign of death and misery. The following separated the Volitaian provinces into warring kingdoms each vying for power. Many dynasties claimed the title of Fourth Dynasty each one believing that it would be their family which would unify Volitaia.
A long period of collapse and marriage between dynasties left only two large Kingdoms which claimed the throne. War was frequent and death a constant companion.
King Ak-Nupai the Glorious unified the nation in an arduous military campaign which continued beyond the borders of Volitaia and through many other nations, including those overseas. The Capitol was moved from Naibe to Volitaia and a large reconstruction of the Kingdom was planned with all the former glory of the third dynasty.
A Semitic tribe established in modern Hydac (possibly where the name derives from) declared their independence from Volitaia and began a campaign against the Volitaians. Swiftly crushing Volitaias armies under their war chariots and bringing an end to the Fourth Dynasty only two generations after its establishment.
Corruption disrupted the Hykosian gains faltering attempts to consolidate their power. Anarchy broke out in many areas of Volitaia and Hykosia was forced to call its soldiers back to the homeland. Volitaia was left again as an area of constant warfare between small successor states.
Early Toopoxican Volitaia
Interest in resettling Volitaia came from the nearby Slavic nation of Smorrg. Charged with its conquest was the Kings bastard nephew Lexin Greblosk who brought Northern Volitaia under control by means of pitting different warring factions off against each other. Partway through the conquest he was recalled by his cousin, King Egleski of Smorrg. In complete defiance he continued the conflict with support from Nobles who saw the potential in Volitaia.
The King retaliated by entitling Lexin to a title he knew would keep him away from commanding his forces, instead the privilege of continuing the glorious campaign fell to Lexins Brother in Law. Egleski refused to allow the campaign to continue and cut off supplies from the Kingdom, Lexins brother died from starvation at Al-Miny.
In anger Lexin threatened to overthrow Smorrg rule in the area. Egleski had no available men to dispatch to Volitaia and was forced to ignore the situation. Lexin carried out his threat and established the Kingdom of Toopoxia. Military campaigns continued South until Lexin passed away.
The second King of Volitaia, Gaius Greblosk, made an unsuccessful campaign to invade Southern Volitaia and old Hykosia. After his failure he proceeded to simply consolidate his gains. A mass exodus of natives was enforced and encouragement was made to Noblemen to seek opportunity in the new Kingdom.
Golden Age of Toopoxia
Following the consolidation of the state and the growth of a Noble class, attention was bought upon the possession of overseas colonies in the widely explored and largely unexploited island chains close by. Several peaceful landings had been made on several islands, but their poor management had led to their disappearance and destruction.
Lord General Gallius saw the benefit in colonial possession and personally took command of a more military expansion, which succeeded in the conquest of many islands and the importing of lavish exotic materials. To meet the needs of this expanding market a group of powerful Merchants united their expertise to manage the Kings possessions overseas and the level of import tax on items, referred to as the Toopoxican Trading Organization.
Seeing the power of the Toopoxican trade the old Slavic nations from which Toopoxia had been borne began to recognize the state if only for their exotic imports. Problems began to rise in the unemployment rate, imports were becoming cheaper than home production and thousands found themselves without a skill. Further troubling was the growing sentiment for Republic and the means it was using to gain footing.
The Republican Era
The Merchant Toopoxican Organization were the strongest proponents of Republic. They felt it could benefit the regulation of trade and would be more malleable to their whims than the self driven Kings. In 1410 the Organization made its first move towards Republic by separating its accumulated wealth from the Kings coffers. In retaliation King Haxtes burnt several incoming shipments of spices and cloth.
The Merchants hurried their plans, purchasing land from disillusioned Nobles, grinding the Kings regime to a halt. An ultimatum was given asking the King to step down and make way for a Republican government. The King did as he was asked and in a bloodless coup the Organization had total control over Toopoxia.
The Republic saved the empire, with a greater control on imports the home economy began to increase and the Colonial Empire saw its territories rise in power and wealth. The Republican era is often confused with the Golden Age.
The Civil War
A lack of communication between the colonies and their growing individual power caused the loss of many through rebellion. The complacent society had become lazy and did nothing to prevent the loss of its colonies. The troubles at home began as drought hit the River Volitaia and in its wake came the attempted seizure of power by Iblisk Greblosk, Heir to the throne, which began a series of armed conflicts across the country.
The war began proper in 1442 with King Iblisk securing the loyalty of his people and the remaining Noble class. Bloody war raged across the country with new advances in gunpowder being exploited at every field of battle. Old bastions of defense, now stately homes, were returned to their original function. The first casualties were reported at the battle of Al-Miny, a Royalist success in pushing back the Republican armies. Whilst previously only a small conflict the war grew to include every station of man in Toopoxia. Fighting became both more fierce and more frequent as neighboring districts chose opposing sides of the war. The conflict risked becoming unstable as radicals began to make themselves widely known and gained popular support.
The King rose his standard over the city of Naibe and began to amass an army of conscripted peasants. The Republic held its dominance over Volitaia and issued an order for a mass conscription. With both forces now numbering in the tens of thousands the first skirmishes of the civil war began. Republican General Obrad Mirko marched his forces through the Sulief Valley in order to secure deliveries of supplies to the Western forces. The Royal Garrison at Castle Banini step forwards to prevent the Republican army in the first skirmish of the Civil War.
The first pitched battle of the war took place at Rotenjager outside of Akh Najazra. The battle was inconclusive and both sides declared it a victory. A second field battle took place later that month nearby at Najazra Plains turned into a bloody stand off and the King withdrew his forces to Tauntillis.
The Republic managed to seize much of the River Volitaia whilst the King took the Naibe Peninsula and had a series of successful battles against the Republicans. Obrad Mirko took his groups of trained elite units and managed to force back the Monarchist advance winning decisive battles at Lexin and Kominski.
The turning point against the early Monarchies victories came during the summer and autumn months of 1486 where the siege of Garad Kah was lifted by Count Vladen of Amnan and in the destruction of the Bal garrison to return victoriously home to Volitaia. Proposals for a new Republican army were passed in 1490 and the Republic was able to secure swift victories over the Royalists at the Lower Volitaia and Naibe. The aged King Iblisk was unable to resist capture and was put to death by the Republican forces.
Fall of the Republic and the Second Kingdom of Toopoxia
A Constitutional Crisis hit Toopoxia in 1502 when the Republic President Gilsain Phillibert rose to the head of the Toopoxican Trading Organization. The Republic was divided on whether this action was lawful and those who moved to depose the President found themselves reacted to harshly. The Republic collapsed to infighting between various factions as the people feared a second civil war. Infighting reached the streets and within months Toopoxia's largest Cities were in a state of anarchy unlike the original Civil War. Independent radical city states began to rise and war amongst each other for power as Toopoxia collapsed. In its place the young Count Jovan of Lexin established the Kingdom of Volislavia around Volitaia and its surrounding river. The Kingdom of Volislavia under Jovan reunited Toopoxicans with their Slavic ancestry and the Kingdom of Smorrg took interest by supporting the regime and allowing its borders to expand.
Unlike his father King Jovan II refused assistance from Smorrg. The new King saw similarity between his struggle and that of King Lexin from whom he had taken inspiration. Jovan collapsed the Kingdom of Volislavia and re-established the Kingdom of Toopoxia with much support from Toopoxican nationalists. His defiance of Slavic rule led to war with Smorrg and the expansion of Toopoxican borders to their modern standard. Smorrgian power and interest in the region dwindled and the invasion struggled to hold territory.
Early Modern Toopoxia
The Toopoxican Trading Organization was re founded shortly after the establishment of the Kingdom, now operating as a private corporation which traded in stock, a rarity at the time. Toopoxia saw its Colonial Empire rise out from its ashes stronger than before, aided by faster and larger transports. This exploration and expansion found favor with the progressive Monarch Queen Tatiana.
A second invasion of Toopoxia was planned by King Stevan Yusef of Smorrg, who saw the territory as rightfully his own. A united armada of Slavic ships was intercepted by Tatiana's own smaller fleet. A fierce naval skirmish took place and the Slavic nations were forced into retreat. Several other skirmishes took place around the coast of Toopoxia, but each only suffered the downfall of Smorrg and other Slavic nations.
The Alexandrovic line continued to bear great leaders who succeeded in making Toopoxia an open minded free thinking political state. A Constitutional Monarchy was established under King Jovan III who remarked upon the delight in seeing Monarchy and Republic functioning together at last. In the closing decades of the Early Modern era Toopoxia had solved the crises of its Middle Age predecessor and now owned colonies in the East, in Africa and in the Americas.
With the Republic restored and a slave trade assisting in the rise of the Organization, both politically and economically. The Toopoxicans drove forwards into the Industrial period by securing veins of Coal through the Regi Luni Mountains and in its colonies. Cotton from the lands in the East and Rubber from Africa.
The boom in Industry prompted a rise in the populations of Cities across Toopoxia. Several previously unheard of Towns rose to City status over only months and a mass overhaul of Sewage and transportation systems was needed. This age gave importance to Engineers such as Ivan Augusta who redesigned the slums of Volitaia, and Sasha Britt who monopolized the Railroads until he was bought out by the Toopoxican Organization.
The Economic superiority also bought with it a changing view in the way Politics worked. European philosophies of Liberalism and Socialism were imported to Toopoxia. Suffrage gave the vote to the poor and the previously excluded. Cities such as Naibe and Volitaia were alive with political forum and debate.
20th Century Toopoxia
The early 20th Century saw the climax of Toopoxia's changing political spectrum and the rising tide of Nationalism. Anti immigration riots had already been a problem for Toopoxia's coastal towns, but the increase in transportation links had made the situation spread to the more central Cities where Race and Nationalist riots were frequent. The poor too began to riot against their peers, the demand for Socialism and Communism was growing in dominance.
Fascism took root in this period of Social welfare and Nationalist sympathies by appealing to both parties. Scholars and artists supported the ideals of Toopoxican Oligarchical Fascism which put its trust in the educated elite. The Fascists gained swathes of supporters and soon had power to bend national government to their will and ban Socialist and Liberal parties. In 1911 the Fascist Parliament agreed to a reformation of its structure. The Alexandrovic Dynasty was removed from office, the Intelligentsia Council established and the election by this council of Arseni Germain as Head of Government was passed.
Fascist Toopoxia then began a period of purification by arresting Communist supporters and non ethnic Slavs.