History of Hallad
The Arab Worker's Republic of Hallad is a large, space-faring republic led by a coalition of arab nationist and socialist parties. It has a large, well maintained economy based on the principles of 'Halladi Socialism,' a mix of arab socialism, marxism, and market socialism. In the past, it was divided into several independant Kingdoms ruled by Sultans, however it was soon defeated and colonized by western powers. Eventually, in 1952, a socialist movement ousted the foreign powers from Hallad and united the nation. Hallad is one of the major economic and political powers in the region of Haven and a major exported on oil onto the world market.
The Reyyid Caliphate (880 CE - 1045 CE)
As Islam began for form as a major force in the world, the nation roughly that is Old Hallad today was united, centered around the ancient city of Ryydra. This was called the Reyyid Caliphate, where a series of Caliphs and Emirs ruled for over 150 years, from 880 CE to 1045 CE. The Reyyid Caliphate ruled over a comparable area, from modern Yasmarea, down to the southern tip of Hallad, and into the eastern fringes of modern day Shessara. Under the Reyyid Caliphate, Ryydra and other major Halladi cities became centres of learning and culture in the Muslim world. This unity and prosperity would last until 1045 CE, when the Caliphate collapsed due to a coup and ethnic division.
The Division of Hallad (1045 CE - 1787 CE)
After the Reyyid Caliphate, three successor states emerged in modern Hallad -- the Kingdom of Ryydra, the Kingdom of the Halladrim, and the Sultanate of Buraydah. These three kingdoms were generally agressive toward each other, each vieing for influence in Haven and the Islamic world. Eventually, the Kingdom of Halladrim and the Sultanate of Buraydah would come together to form the Sultanate of Hallad, after the Sultan of Buraydah ended up the heir to Halladrim's throne. After this, Buraydah, both the city and region, became the centre of Halladi government.
Foreign Domination (1787 CE - 1952 CE)
After the arrival of major European and christian powers into the region, Hallad found itself no longer a centre for politcal power in southern Haven. Outmanned and outgunned by more advanced nations, Hallad lost a series of wars that put it under direct foreign control, eventually under the control of only one nation. It was known as the Protectorate of Hallad after this. This stage in Hallad history is especially important because it set the modern boundries of Old Hallad and created Halladi nationalism as resistance mounted against foreign domination. This would eventually culminate in Halladi Revolution.
Independance and the First Republic (1952 CE - 1973 CE)
A revolution overthrew foreign powers in Hallad, and Hallad was set up under the control of the most powerful nationalist faction, the Halladi Socialist Party. The leader of this movement was, ironically, a foreigner and Lawrence of Arabia type figire, named Jon Connolly, who served as the nations first Premier. At this state, Hallad was known as the United Socialist State of Hallad. It was a minor power in Haven, however following the discovery of oil in Hallad in 1955, Hallad's prominance began to rise. Profits from oil were used to modernize the nation.
The Second Republic (1973 CE - 1976 CE)
In 1973, major changes in Halladi politics led to the defeat of the Socialist Party in elections. In that year, the Collectivist Party came to power, and although they were also a socialist party, their support for extreme land reform programs created unrest in Hallad, although they had strong support from rural Halladis. They also renamed the nation the Union of Hallad. This led to a small faction of the Army to come to support the Capitalism Now! Party -- at the time an extreme, far right-wing party -- and launch Mustafa Fenris into power via a coup.
The Empire of Hallad (1976 CE - 1978 CE)
Fenris's regime established the 'Empire of Hallad,' with Fenris as its President for Life, and the Capitalism Now! Party as its sole ruling party. The Empire of Hallad was shortlived, as an almost immediate foreign response put Hallad under blockade, enforcing economic sanctions. Fenris was finally deposed through a series of wars, first the Halladi-Hattian Conflict, then the Halladi-Shessaran War. Fenris was removed from power an put under house arrest for the rest of his life.
The Worker's Republic of Hallad (1978 CE - Present)
Halladi government was dramatically reorganized after this, and a ruling coalition -- the Arab Socialist Union -- was formed by the Halladi Socialist Party and Collectivist Party of Hallad, which still rules today. Two prominant rulers were in control of the nationat this time, first was James Cross, a half-European, half-Arab Halladi, who formed the Arab Socialist Union and led socialist resistance during Fenris's short rule. The second is the current Premier, Hasan Muhammad. Through Muhammad's rule, Hallad has become a world superpower.
|The Workers’ Republic of Hallad|
|Main article: Hallad|
|Characters: Hasan Muhammad, Rashid Hassan, Mustafa Fenris, Musab al Sadr, James Cross|
|History: History of Hallad, First Halladi Civil War, Federated Directorate (defunct), Halladi-Hattian Conflict, Halladi-Shessaran War|
|Government and politics: Government, Bill of rights, National Workers' Assembly, Arab Socialist Union, True Directorate, Collectivist Party, Halladi Socialism, Homat el Diyar|
|Economy: Halladi Nationalized Arms Manufacturing, Tamil-Ukana, Agriculture in Hallad, Public Sector of Hallad|
|Military: Halladi Red Army, Halladi Red Navy, Halladi Red Air Force, Republican Guard, W.P.A., Frontier Corps, Workers' and Peasants' Army, HAP-1 Automatic Pistol, HAR-1A Assault Rifle|
|Miscellaneous: Buraydah, Al Jazeera, Al Jazeera International, Halladi Desert, Education in Hallad|