Government of Isselmere-Nieland
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The Government of Isselmere-Nieland, commonly known as His Isselmerian and Nielandic Majesty's Governmment, consists of the king, his Executive Council (also known as the Privy Council, and the Council of Ministers. The United Kingdom of Isselmere-Nieland (UKIN) is a unitary constitutional monarchy founded upon parliamentary democracy with devolved regional assemblies. An hereditary monarch designated by cognatic primogeniture is the head of state. He or she appoints the head of government, known as the prime minister, by and with the consent of an elected Parliament akin to Westminster-style governments. Since the codification of conventions, standing orders, laws, and other regulations governing the operation and administration of government within the Constitution Act of 1986, Parliament forsakes its sovereignty for the primacy of law with judicial oversight.
The Constitution Act, 1986 formalised the relation between the monarchy and the elected Houses of Parliament, codified the statutes and customs governing dynastic succession — including the eventuality of regency — and the appointment of the Council of Ministers, and guaranteed the separation of the judiciary from the executive.
A written constitution had been the aim of a Constitutional Convention instituted upon the request of King Robert V in August 1977. Groups within the United Kingdom had campaigned for home rule if not out and out independence since the great European explosions of 1848.
The Constitution establishes the monarch as the head of state and defines the line of succession as well as the means by which a successor would be chosen should the line be interrupted. A Council of State presided by the monarch and consisting of a mix of executive and advisory bodies serves as the government. Parliament, composed of the monarch and/or his or her lords commissioners, an upper house and a lower house is the supreme legislative body, albeit one subject to judicial review by an independent judiciary.
The House of Glaines-Oldmarch is the ruling house of Isselmere-Nieland, serving in that capacity since 1562. Between 1653 and 1899, it was known as the House of Glaines-Oldmarch-Sifborg. The Constitution Act, 1986 established the principle of cognatic primogeniture for dynastic succession, meaning the eldest competent child, regardless of sex, of the reigning monarch is the Heir Apparent or Crown Prince(ss). In the event the reigning monarch dies without issue or should the successor is a minor, a Regency Council is established in accordance with the Constitution.
Unlike some constitutional monarchies, the royal prerogatives of the monarch of Isselmere-Nieland are quite extensive and, through careful exercise of this authority, have not lapsed through desuetude.
The Council of State — comprised of the Council of Ministers, the Privy Council, the Council of Peers, and the General Council of Judicature — is the de jure government of Isselmere-Nieland. The apparent unification of these disparate branches of government is, for most practical purposes, illusory.
The Isselmere-Nielander Parliament is bicameral, consisting of the monarch (the King-in-Parliament), an upper house or Senate and a lower house or House of Assembly. Parliament is the supreme legislative body within the United Kingdom.
The General Council of Judicature (GCJ) is responsible for the administration of the judiciary in Isselmere-Nieland. Its inclusion in the Council of State has made Isselmere-Nieland's membership in the Sovereign League impossible due to that organisation's requirement of a totally independent judiciary, although the government's regulation of trade and industry is a far more insuperable barrier to entry. The GCJ operates as an advisory body to the Council of State with respect to judicial appointments, judicial administration, and legislation and, with the exception of appointing judges and the rarely used authority to replace incompetent judges at the behest of the GCJ, the government does not interfere with the judiciary.
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