First Halladi Civil War
Tensions were high after the unification of Hallad. Premier Jon Connolly made promises that he had difficulty fulfulling. The economy was developing and it was election time. The Fascist Party of Hallad established its movement; the New Halladi Order. Led by Boris Ivanov, son of a Russian immgrant, the New Halladi Order threatened revolt if Ivanov lost elections. The government dismissed the threats, however, greatly underestimating the strength and capability of the fascist militia.
To many the threat was hollow. But, as the results came in, protest started. People gathered in New Dublin, then the capital of Hallad, claiming the Socialist Party of Hallad was manipulating the results of the election. They in fact were doing no such action. The supporters of the NHO began to become increasingly violent, and police were soon called into to stop the protests. The NHO used this as propaganda against the government, claiming they were anti-democratic. After many of the Socialist-suppportive cities were overcome by rioting, the private militia of Boris Ivanov, which had aquired weapons through the black market, attacked the forces of the Red Army of Hallad. They called for all pro-Fascist troops to defect and join the NHO militia, and many did so. The country was soon engulfed in a war which lasted thirteen months. The government troops were victorious almost only due to aid from foriegn powers.
Causes of the War
There were many problems that plagued the young Halladi nation. Economic factors contributed, just was much as racial and social problems. There was also the instigation of the Boris Ivanov, who sought to turn Hallad into an authoritarian, islamic nation. Elections were difficult to run at the time, too, and government corruption was widespread. The Halladi people lacked an identity, still relying on white Halladis to lead the nation, such as their national hero Jon Connolly.
Boris Ivanov: Instigator of Rebellion
Boris Ivanov was a Russian immigrant who had come to Hallad prior to its establish as a sovereign republic. He was a religious fundamentalist and leader of pro-fascist thought in Hallad. After Hallad declared its independance, Ivanov put together his Fascist Party of Hallad. He took advantage of the young nations liberal militia-making laws and weak military strength to form a private army, made up of dissolutioned socialists who had turned to fascism, and students. They trained for many months before the war broke out.
Before the second annual Halladi elections he formed the New Halladi Order, and umbrella organization design to co-ordinate fascist organizations and insurgencies. His demands for total control over the government were denied by the Socialist Party, which was supported by the nations official armed forces, the Red Army. This led to his call for total war against the "heathen communist" in power.
Hundreds of thousands of Halladis came face to face for the conflict. Ivanov's militia was made up of mainly white, non-native Halladis. Almost opposite of that, the socialist forces had the support of local, Arabs -- who were the majority. Many of the Arabs supported the socialists, because of the fear that white colonialism would once again take hold of the nation.
The young nation had a myriad of economic problems. It was poor due to years of mercantilist policies regarding its colonial status. Most of the wealth was concentrated in the hands of a few white settlers and whites owned 95% of the land. The socialist government began wealth redistribution and land reform programs. As a result, many of the white settlers were unhappy with the government and saught change in their favour, as promised by Boris Ivanov, himself a white colonist.
The Halladi state had few trading partners at the time, except for a few other young, socialist nations it had ties to. Many Halladis were unskilled workers and they had a poor standard of living -- which is precisely why the Halladi Revolution happened in the first place. In a sense the civil war was the revolution's opposite, seeking reactionary changes rather than radical ones, economically and socially.
A great degree of racism still existed. It was carried over from the time Hallad was colony, when the whites were given better treatment than arabs. In some cases, arabs in Hallad were considered "subhuman." There was also the problem of slavery. The the time serfdom still existed in both white and arab households, a practice the radical government sought to end. The nation was difficult to control at that point, as well. At the time, a great portion of the population was nomadic and they resisted attempts by the government to settle them. Accurate census reports were almost impossible and anti-slavery laws were difficult to enforce. Amongst nomads, Islamic law was still practiced and they resented the western, secular laws preached by the socialists. This caused many of the Halladi bedouin population to be pro-Ivanov.
|The Workers’ Republic of Hallad|
|Main article: Hallad|
|Characters: Hasan Muhammad, Rashid Hassan, Mustafa Fenris, Musab al Sadr, James Cross|
|History: History of Hallad, First Halladi Civil War, Federated Directorate (defunct), Halladi-Hattian Conflict, Halladi-Shessaran War|
|Government and politics: Government, Bill of rights, National Workers' Assembly, Arab Socialist Union, True Directorate, Collectivist Party, Halladi Socialism, Homat el Diyar|
|Economy: Halladi Nationalized Arms Manufacturing, Tamil-Ukana, Agriculture in Hallad, Public Sector of Hallad|
|Military: Halladi Red Army, Halladi Red Navy, Halladi Red Air Force, Republican Guard, W.P.A., Frontier Corps, Workers' and Peasants' Army, HAP-1 Automatic Pistol, HAR-1A Assault Rifle|
|Miscellaneous: Buraydah, Al Jazeera, Al Jazeera International, Halladi Desert, Education in Hallad|