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The Eastern Havenic Kingdom of Cravan and her Constituencies, Eastern Havenic Kingdom, Eastern Kingdom, Cravanian Empire, or simply Cravan is a trans Havenic-Aerovan nation, the central home isles of which are located on the southeastern fringe of the Havenic region. The territories of Cravan were expanded throughout the ages of exploration and expansion following the Acts of Union, and as such the most considerable territories of Cravan stretch to the east into Aerova, where numerous outlying territories and two constituent countries are located. Other territories are located in the far western reaches of Haven, while to the south in Karain the now-independent colony of Rustasia was established. Of Cravan's neighbors, to the immediate north of the Cravanian home islands lie the former Questarian territory of Ceylon and the Northfordian territory of New Georgia. To the northwest and west are, from northernmost to southernmost, Mondoth, the Scandavian duchy of Tryne, and Wolfenhalle, while to the south the nearest neighbor to the Cravanian home islands is Aequatio. Far to the east is the continent of Aerova, where bordering Cravan's Aerovan constituencies are, to the west, Valipac, to the south Wilsonna, the contested Armgash Republic, and Movatia, and to the east and southeast Circadia and Hryvatia.
The Cravanian home islands were originally home to a native primitive people of relatively unknown culture and composition, at least by current records. The first recorded presence of white anglo settlers on the home islands is dated to be around the 1100's CE, as a result of a movement of Praetonian explorers and settlers to the islands. Other territories later acquired by a united Cravanian Kingdom are largely composed of local populations which inhabited the areas at acquisition.
The Eastern Havenic Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy which operates a working parliamentary democracy. The Queen of Cravan sits as a figurehead on the Cravanian throne, while the First Minister of HM Government handles the day to day affairs of the inner and outer workings of the government. The government is primarily composed of and run by the Parliament of the Eastern Havenic Kingdom based in the capital, Laurana. The Parliament is a bicameral legislature composed of the lower house, the 645 member House of Commons, and the upper house, the 840 member House of Peers. The former house wields the majority of legislative power, while the latter is a primarily advisory body composed of noblemen and the like. In addition, there is a judiciary independent of the Parliament and HM Government, of which the highest court is considered to be the Royal Court of Saint David, or the Court of Her Majesty.
The Eastern Havenic Kingdom is a member of numerous international organizations dedicated to the promotion of classical liberal principles, free market capitalism, and personal liberty. The most prominent of these organizations is the Sovereign League, as well as the Association of Haven Nations. Cravan is also a member of the Fedala Accord, however compliance with the Accord's charter has been called into question numerous times. The nation's dedication to collective defence in both Haven and Aerova is upheld by its membership in the South Eastern Treaty Organization and observance of MESDA. The Eastern Havenic Kingdom is also a former member of the defunct Kingston Pact, and prior to that spent a brief period in the New Alliance Treaty Organization out of involvement in the former Global Alliance of Sovereign Nations.
- Main article: History of Cravan
The Cravanian home islands were first settled by western civilization in what is estimated to be the early 1100's CE by an expedition of Praetonian settlers. The settlers and explorers were among a group of wealthy landowners in Praetonia who, seeking further riches beyond those offered by the established kingdoms of Praetonia, charted an expedition to the southern reaches of the world which had remained relatively unexplored. It was here where they came upon the Cravanian islands, which were rich in resources and ripe for settlement because of the islands' sparse native populations. When news of the discovery reached Praetonia, numerous landowning individuals made the move out of the prospects of being able to form their own states away from the still mostly tyrannical serfdoms and kingdoms which had sprouted in Praetonia. For the most part on the home islands, slavery was abolished among the settlers, where instead it was practiced by the settlers upon the native populations, where strict separation between settlers and natives occurred and harsh working conditions existed. It is estimated that, by 1180, the native population had been reduced by over 75%. The natives are believed to have died out entirely somewhere around 1300.
Around 1200, one hundred years after the initial landings, many of the serfdoms and smaller realms of the islands joined together into larger blocs, which then further combined into the three original kingdoms of Camden, Meddlesworth, and Elrith. These three kingdoms were largely relegated each to their own islands, however much fighting between Camden and Meddlesworth was known to occur between 1200 and 1400, and as such borders on their respective islands and footholds fluctuated until 1400, when the Treaty of Uxbridge ended conflict between the two and formed the borders near their present day boundaries. The three kingdoms lived in relative peace, often trading with one another and allowing much interaction between citizens. By 1300, ideas of liberty and teachings of liberalism had reached Cravan's shores from Praetonia, by which point much slavery had been abolished. A charter between the three kingdoms of Cravan in 1560 established a common bill of rights among the three legislatures of the nations, and laid the foundation for a road to unification.
In the early 1600's, after intermarriage between the three monarchies of the Cravanian kingdoms, their respective legislatures came together at a conference in Laurana about possible political unification between the three realms into one. The Act of Unification of 1642 brought about a single kingdom on the home islands, and established a new era in Cravanian history of exploration and colonization. During this period, numerous expeditions were made and
Geography and Climate
- Main article: Geography and Climate of Cravan
Political Boundaries and Divisions
- Main article: Political Divisions of Cravan
Cravan is divided into five Constituent Countries and numerous Overseas Territories. The territories of Carpanthium, Aurde, Carolina, and Cambridge have representation in the House of Commons equivalent to that of a full Constituency. Although a distinction is made between the three "Home Countries" of the home islands and the Aerovan Countries, all Countries are equal in legal standing.
Each Constituent Country is divided into Counties, provincial level administrative zones which are further divided into Districts. There are fifteen Counties throughout the Kingdom, listed under their Constituent Country of origin.
Urban Centers and Metropolitan Areas
Government and Politics
- Main article: Parliament of the Eastern Havenic Kingdom
The Houses of Parliament of Cravan act as the legislative arm of the government, and mostly all of the power in the Cravanian government structure lies with the Parliament. A bicameral legislature, the Parliament is composed of the House of Commons and the House of Sovereigns. The House of Commons is selected by population, with the largest Constituent Countries in population having the most seats in possession. The House of Sovereigns, meanwhile, is based on peerage and awarded by merit or position. The House of Commons holds almost all power in writing, creating, and passing legislation. The Parliament meets in the Palace of Lancaster in downtown Laurana.
House of Commons
- Main article: House of Commons of the Eastern Havenic Kingdom
The House of Commons is composed of Members of Parliament from each district. Each Member of Parliament in the House of Commons has one vote to cast independently from other Members of Parliament of his or her overall region. There are a total of six hundred and forty-five (645) seats in the House of Commons.
Members of the House of Commons are elected every four years in their electoral districts. There is one MP per district, however the distribution of districts per County is proportionate to the percentage of the population the County has in the Province it resides in. The proportions for seats are broken up at the Country level first, then gradually divided up until they reach the electoral district level. Changes in office occur every June 20th of an election year, and there is no limit on how many terms one may serve in the House of Commons. Parliamentary elections occur every two years for the Commons, and only one half of the Commons is up for election on a particular election year, meaning each MP serves a four year term.
The House of Commons is presided over by the Chancellor of the Commons, who is elected by the majority party to preside over sessions of the House. The First Minister has a seat at the front of the House in his or her party's section, however more commonly an advisor is permitted to be sent in the Minister's place as, while still generally a functioning Member of Parliament, a First Minister's first responsibility is to serve as liason between the Government and Parliament. The Chancellor manages the flow of the sessions of the House by regulating speaking times and acting as a moderator during debate sessions. Each party represented in the House has their own floor leaders, the Majority and Opposition parties having the Floor Leader of the Majority and Leader of the Opposition respectively. The other minority parties each have a Minority Leader to guide their legislation and policies. The Floor Leader of the Majority's only concern is the performance of the party in Parliament; the Leader of the Opposition and Minority Leaders are also commonly in positions where concern is also placed with the executive's actions and with their party's performance outside of Parliament. The Leader of the Opposition is also given the ability to organize a Shadow Cabinet, which is essentially a mirror of the ruling Government filled with the Opposition Leader's own choices for the various positions. More often than not, a Shadow Cabinet will immediately become a Cabinet and vice versa when the majority party changes.
The House of Commons can be called to an emergency session by the First Minister if a situation warrants immediate action. Emergency joint sessions for actions such as declarations of war may also be called by the First Minister or the Queen. Only certain types of proposals may be presented during an emergency session, and only proposals pertaining directly to the situation for which the emergency session was called may be discussed. Emergency sessions are always presided over by the First Minister who is assisted by the Chancellor. The First Minister may also make a motion to disband Parliament and hold elections at any time with Royal Consent, either with the intention to expand a ruling Government's influence or to attempt to disrupt the opposition.
House of Peers
- Main article: House of Peers of the Eastern Havenic Kingdom
The House of Peers, sometimes called Sovereign House or "the Peerage," is the upper House of the Cravanian Parliament. The House of Peers is composed of eight hundred and forty (840) members from every reach of the Empire and also from former holdings. Party lines are emphasized much less in the Peers, and as such an official tally of party membership for the Peers has yet to be taken this year as members of the Peers are known to sometimes change their affiliations much more often than those in the Commons.
The House of Sovereigns serves more of an advisory role in determining legislation passed in the House of Commons, and can only debate legislation which has passed in the Commons for sixty days. Members of the House of Sovereigns are holders of a regal title or position, or can actually be elected into their position by members of a constituency which their position represents if the position is made vacant or is created new for that constituency, dependent upon Royal Decree. When in session, members refer to each other in the third person by their title (ex. the noble Knight, the noble Earl, the noble Duke, etc.). Outside of the House of Sovereigns members are referred to as Honorable Councillors or more commonly just Councillors.
The House Lord is the acting presiding officer of the House of Peers, and is customarily the most senior member of the Peers. The ceremonial presiding officer is the Regnant of the Sovereignty, who is an official appointed to represent the monarch in general meetings of the House of Peers. The Regnant sits to the right of the throne situated at the head of the chamber, which is reserved for the monarch if he or she is in attendance. The monarch may attend any session of the House of Peers, however to attend a session of the House of Commons they must be invited by either the Chancellor of the Commons or the First Minister.
If editing legislation passed in the House of Commons, a 55% majority opinion in favor out of the total vote (minus abstentions due to absence or choice) is required to pass the modified bill for Royal Consent. If edits are made to the bill, but the vote fails to reach the required amount, it is passed along for Royal Consent without the added provisions unless the Commons wishes to retract the bill and rework it should the suggestions of the Sovereigns be seen as favorable by the leadership of the Commons.
Her Majesty's Government
- Main article: Her Majesty's Government (Cravan)
The Cabinet of the Eastern Havenic Kingdom, known more commonly as "Her Majesty's Government," serves in the executive function of the day to day activities of the Cravanian government. Headed by the First Minister, the Cabinet manages the daily affairs of the Kingdom in both domestic and foreign policy. The position of First Minister is customarily awarded to the leader of the largest party represented in the House of Commons, who is then approved and appointed by the reigning monarch. The First Minister must be either a current or former member of either House of Parliament to qualify to serve. The other positions of the Cabinet are filled by members selected and appointed by the First Minister who are customarily members of either House of Parliament, though more commonly the House of Commons; past or current. Membership of Parliament is not required of cabinet members like it is for the First Minister.
The current Government, referred to as the xx Cabinet, is headed by current First Minister The Right Honorable Elizabeth Annadale. The First Minister also holds the title of First Lord/Lady of the Treasury, and is among the four 'Great Positions.' The others are listed as the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Secretary of War, and Secretary of Foreign Affairs.
HM Government is based out of 15 Hancock Drive in a section known as Lennox Block. Inside Lennox Block, the 'Red Room' is the central meeting place of the Cabinet.
- Main article: Demographics of Cravan
Ethnicity and Nationality
The largest religious group in Cravan is Christianity, in particular the Anglican Church of Cravan. The Royal Family itself is an Anglican family, however, due to the government's status as a secular entity, there is no official religion recognized in the Kingdom. Besides the various Christian sects, there is a multitude of minority religions present throughout the Kingdom. The most popular minor religious group other than the various Christian sects is the pagan Celtic religion from Aerova. As of the last census, 45% of Cravanians are of Anglican denominations, 23% other varied Christian sects (10% of which are Catholic), 13% various Celtic pagan faiths (originating from the Aerovan Countries), 24% atheistic or agnostic, and 4% other mixed faiths.
to be reworked
English is the de facto official language of Cravan, with well over 99% of the Cravanian-born population being native speakers of the language (or learning it concurrently with another language) and the other less than 1% learning a regional language before learning English. It is required to know, understand, and be fluent in English in order to interact on a daily basis within Cravanian society, although not in a legal sense. All road signs and mostly all commercial signs, advertisements, and labels are written in English in Cravan with very little support for foreign languages in the mainstream.
There are several minor regional languages of Cravan which are usually secondary to English in everyday use but can be used primarily in business or the home in their specific territories. Specific to their native territories, Celtic and Gaelic are widely spoken in Aerova. French, meanwhile, is common in Aurde.
In addition to these regional languages, Pacitalian is a very popular second language in Cravan, taught at many high schools and universities. Willinkian and Latin are also very popular language courses offered in schools and universities.
Cravan is regarded as a highly educated nation, with a literacy rate of 99.9%. Cravan has an extensive educational system in place with both privately and publicly funded schools at the baseline level. Most middle and upper class residents of Cravan also move on to higher levels of education, such as university and graduate schooling.
Basic level schooling in Cravan is either privately funded and operated or publicly funded and managed by city governments, both of which adhere to recommendations and a baseline curriculum model endorsed by the government, and developed privately by non-profit education policy groups. Basic schooling ranges between two different stages, sectioned off to six grade levels each and an optional basic preschool level before the first grade. The elementary level spans from first to sixth grade, while the secondary level spans from seventh to twelfth grade with seventh and eighth grades being used as transitional "middle school" periods. Generally graduating twelfth graders are between seventeen and eighteen years of age, at which point after graduation they are eligible for university education.
Exceptions to the general college age of seventeen and eighteen are fairly common, with both dual-enrollment programs provided by universities in cooperation with schools or, in some cases, highly advanced students capable of taking a university curriculum at an earlier age than most others.
Universities in Cravan are privately owned and eniterly privately funded, with very few exceptions. Cravan is known throughout the world for its prestigious universities and educational standards, and also infamous for its high tuition rates for both domestic and foreign students. The Laurana metropolitan area alone has over two hundred universities of varying fields, size, and tuition rates, and is also home to one of three state funded military academies, further outlined below.
Several of the more notable universities of Cravan include Lylesworth University, the University of Greater Gracechester, the Fallengrove Institution of Science, Camden University, the Central Arranic Institute of Finance, and the Montgomery Engineering Institute of Laurana.
Of the countless universities in Cravan, only three are state managed and funded: the Royal Academy of the Army, the Royal Naval Academy, and the Royal Air Academy. All three offer some of what are considered the best curriculums in both scholarly and athletic fields, and are free to attend assuming the entry requirements, which are considered very high in comparison to most other universities, are met. Graduation from a military university signs the graduate into a four or six year tour of duty depending on the curriculum which they took with the corresponding service branch as an officer; the graduate's rank being dependent upon class rank. The highest rank in the military granted to a newly graduated cadet is of pay grade O-2.
Due to the Cravanian government's extensive laissez-faire policy, the Cravanian economy is continually growing to expand into new markets through private enterprise. The competitive nature of the private sector and advanced technological and industrial capacity of the nation have contributed greatly and benefited greatly to and from economic growth.
Industries and Business
Finance and banking are the central industries of Cravan, and account for nearly 45% of the Cravanian GDP. The second largest section of the economy is that of the information technology industry, which encompasses computers and hardware, electronics of numerous varieties and purposes, telecommunications, software engineering, and other technological fields. Insurance, real estate, entertainment and media, tourism, shipping, manufacturing, and engineering are several other major industries in Cravan. Cravan is home to many multi-national corporations and commercial enterprises, and due to the government's relaxed regulation of private enterprise, many companies choose to make the nation their home.
Government regulation of the free market is negligible, and only extends to protect citizens from fraudulent corporate activities. Some minor environmental laws exist in some areas, however for the most part the private industry has taken up the responsibility of being environmentally friendly to maintain public opinion and sales.
The Cravanian government levies a national personal income tax of 10.2% on all landowning citizens, while a corporate income tax on all corporations who reap profits inside the borders of Cravan of 15% exists. Local and county taxes of up to 3% personal and 8% corporate also exist. The Cravanian government also levies a 5ɛ per gallon of gasoline excise tax. Overall, the Cravanian government's tax policy is generally regarded as fairly lax among the international community, however still receives widespread criticism from more extreme liberals and conservatives.
The Cravanian government loosely regulates trade, only monitoring what comes into and leaves the nation to ensure illegal and dangerous materials are not being imported or exported to or from Cravan. Taxes and tariffs on imports to Cravan are non-existant, giving the shipping and cargo carrying industries much room to grow and compete.
- Main article: Cravanian Cecat
The government of the Eastern Havenic Kingdom does not print, manage, or regulate currency, which is instead managed by the free banking system in place. Although not officially endorsed by the government, the cecat is the most common currency in circulation, with over 90% of the market share, including use in official government transactions. The cecat is backed by gold, and is managed by the Greater Banking Clan of Laurana, headed by the Bank of Laurana. Various other banks also issue less popular currencies, and some international currencies such as the crown from Praetonia are accepted by some businesses.
- Main article: Culture of Cravan
this is the biggy that needs redoing
Theatre and Performing Arts
The theatre and performing arts in the Kingdom are popular mostly with aristocrats and the upper classes and upper middle classes, particularly in major cities and towns. The theatrical capital of Cravan is noted as Parkson Boulevard in downtown Laurana, along which over forty notable theatres offer high class productions and countless smaller theatres provide other entertainment, such as stand up comedy and live concerts. Parkson Blvd. is particularly famous for its portrayal in a musical of the same name, which has since been adapted to a major feature film.
Cinema in the Kingdom is dominated by both a booming domestic film market and an international film market. Cravanian theatres are left largely unregulated, giving the individual theatre the choice to carry various films allowing for a great variety at the local level. In 1997, the ratings system which held imported and domestic movies to a certain content standard were transferred from an official rating to a government advisory level on the film, whereas the government no longer enforces film content but rates film content according to core traditional values and releases this information to the public, such that the public will watch films at their own discretion rather than age limits be imposed upon films. Most theatres enforce standards which do not allow certain age groups to view 'inappropriate' films.
The Cravanian Broadcasting Network is perhaps the largest Cravanian telecommunications company, which was government subsidized up until 1980. It currently features seven channels, and is known to produce numerous high-budget programs of both an entertaining and an informative or investigative nature. CBN documentaries are among the top rated in the region for their production values and portrayals.
moar later etc
Literature has played a fundamental part of Cravan's history, with many notable authors and poets hailing from the nation. Numerous authors from Cravan have made names for themselves internationally through history, most notably the great fantasy and 'steampunk' writers of the early nineteenth century, of which Cravanian literature was famous for at the time. Poetry is also a common art form throughout Cravan, with traditional Cravanian poetry usually written in lyrical form. In particular, the poet Richard Drydale (1704-1782) from Laurana is significant for both his descriptions of Cravan's natural wonder and of the cities and lifestyles of the people. His work has been hailed as a symbol of the nation, and many of his works are featured in exhibits around the nation to this day. In particular, his poem entitled "Land of Liberty" was composed to music by Cravanian composer Michael Exeter, and adopted as the national anthem of the Cravanian Empire in honor of his death in 1782.
Currently the most popular forms of modern music throughout the Kingdom lie in the various sub-genres of rock, as well as urban and hip-hop genres having a firm hold on lower-income neighborhoods. Jazz and lounge music is mostly popular with the urban middle and upper classes, while the lower urban social classes mostly listen to music in a range spanning from rock to hip-hop, with punk rock and its lyrics proclaiming free expression and resistance against government popular with a large portion of the teen population.
Classical music in Cravan is mostly influenced by contemporary western classical music, with full orchestras featuring large string sections. Aerovan classical music is usually accented by mandolins, fiddles, and bagpipes, along with female singers usually referred to as sirens.
The de facto national sport of Cravan is ice hockey, which is popular in mostly central cities where large venues are located. Field hockey remains popular during the summer months when access to a venue with artificial ice is not availiable, for example at a high school or unofficial level. Hockey has become a major part of the Cravanian economy over the years, growing into a multi-billion ceret enterprise. Also a favorite is rugby, which is popular in both professional and amateur settings.
Other sports common in the Kingdom include football (European), basketball, baseball, and lacrosse. Football and basketball are currently the only sports in which Cravan participates at an international level, having competed in World Cup 35 and the accompanying Baptism of Fire and in the Havenbasket and Haven Cup competitions. The Cravanian National Football Team is currently the incumbent champion of Haven Cup III.
Art in Cravan is mainly of a contemporary nature, with mostly classical-style paintings and frescoes being the dominant style of canvas art. Sculpture also remains of a conservative nature, with the human form and nature being the center of Cravanian sculpture. Several notable and world-renowned artists of Cravan include Pierre Phillipe, a portrait artist from Aurde famous for his rendition of the signing of the Articles of Union; John Castle, a painter from Laurana who painted the official portrait of King Matthew and Queen Evelyn and will soon paint Queen Alice's official portrait; and Ashley Huckenbee, an Arranic sculptor who created the statue which sits in the center of the Royal Fountains at Union Square in Laurana today.
See Also: Marriage in the Cravanian Monarchy
The Eastern Havenic Kingdom has a heavily developed and effective transportation network, managed by the government and funded by both government funding and private investors and contributors. The advanced highway network connects cities in all major territories of the nation and also connects territories to many bordering foreign nations in accordance with international agreements. Road networks aside from highways and freeways are also kept in good condition for the most part, with private construction firms being contracted for repair and maintenance jobs from the government. Most middle, upper middle, and upper class families are in possession of at least one automobile, usually more, depending on place of residence.
Mass transit in cities are provided by private charter companies. Underground metro trains are managed by local city government authorities, maintained and serviced by private contractors but managed and manned by local government employees. Taxi cabs and city buses are managed by private charter companies, with no input from the central government required.
Trains and railroads in the Kingdom are used mostly for shipping goods from two points, however passenger rail lines still exist between cities, towns, and villages. Rail lines are privately owned and maintained, and are leased by train operating companies after the deregulation of the train market in the 1900's. Growth in the rail industry is often seen as happening through mergers and reciprocation agreements between firms.
Airports are privately managed and only regulated by the government for safety standards and security. Security is provided by a myriad of privately employed security guards and government officials working through customs and other security detatchments.
- Main article: Armed Forces of Cravan
The average yearly income of an enlisted man or woman in the military was approximately ç45,000, with commissioned officers receiving an average of ç60,000. The yearly income of an active duty enlisted man or woman or commissioned officer is determined both by rank and duration of service.
- Main article: Cravanian Home Guard
Currently there are over 6 million reservists enrolled in the Royal Home Guards, a subsidiary of the Cravanian Army. Personnel in the RHG are mostly involved in either logistics or basic infantry and armor roles, undergoing standard training and reporting for three weeks of training every two years. The RHG are armed mostly with older equipment, updated to be more compatable and integrated with more up to date Cravanian defensive hardware. Reservists are not actively on the Army's payroll, and are instead put on the payroll only if mobilized and called to active duty. The last time any reservist unit was called to duty for a combat situation was during the the Four Day War, during which time they did not see action. Normally the RHG is usually used for disaster relief during peacetime. A provision in the Constitution completely prohibits the deployment of a RHG unit abroad for anything other than foreign disaster relief, however a sub article allows deployment only if the Parliament decides the situation warrants the RHG's deployment into combat.
There are three central branches of the Royal Armed Forces, each with their own respective sub-branches, subsidiaries, and agencies.
- Cravanian Army
- Royal Air Service
- Royal Naval Air Service
- Royal Strategic Command
- Royal Cravanian Navy
- Official Government Website
- Official Website of the Parliament
- Official Website of the Royal Court System at all levels
- Offical Website of the Cabinet/Secretariat
- Official List of Embassies and Consulates in Cravan, managed by the Department of Foreign Affairs (see above link)
- Offical Website of the Royal Palace
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